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What are the different types of wigs?
A brief breakdown on wig construction:The base on the wig where hair is attached is called the cap. Hair maybe attached using a range of techniques for each wig, usually in wefts. This common method involves each hair to be doubled over and sewn together in strands. Common attachment methods include sewing strands on by machine or hand horizontally onto vertical lines of the wig cap. Wigs are also made in various caps and each type of cap poses its advantages.
Wig Cap Types
- Standard Cap: The most common of all wig cap types and is usually not visible through the hair. The cap usually has a closed lace layer around the crown at which the hairs are sewn onto by machine. Hair is usually styled in such a way that the crown is lifted so the cap is not visible. This cap gives the hair volume at the crown due to the natural lift.
- Skin-Top Cap: These use a skin colored elastic top. Usually, thicker hair is attached on top and does not show the skin color through the hair.
- Monofilament Cap: Made in such a way that gives the look of a natural scalp by allowing the natural scalp color of the wearer to show through. Monofilament caps are typically made of thin mesh-like material, usually of nylon or polyester. Due to hairs usually being attached by hand tying at the crown, these caps usually give the most natural look. Wigs are thus easier to style and more versatile due to the attachment method. Much like real hair, the wig can be parted or brushed in any direction. These soft cap wigs are good for easily irritable scalps. Due to the natural look of the wig, it is also highly recommended for severe and total hair loss individuals.
- Capless This type of cap allows for maximum aeration for the wearer. The crown is constructed by vertical lace strips with open spaces between wefts. These openings allow the wig to be lighter and more breathable than standard cap wigs.
Hair TypesSynthetic Hair More easily cared for and also lower priced. The monofilament fibers used to make each hair on synthetic hair wigs allow the hairs to maintain different types of styling such as texture, curl, waves, or volume. Higher quality synthetic hair wigs are practically impossible to differentiate from human hair, however can be permanently damaged if styled with heat styling tools or chemical treatments. Human Hair Usually made of Chinese, Indian Indonesian or Caucasian (European) hair. Most Human Hair wigs are made from Chinese or Indian hair as they are more readily available. European hair is the strongest type but due to the scarcity, makes it more expensive. This type of wig requires more upkeep/care and investment but is the most natural looking and durable option. Since they are made of human hair, these wigs can be styled just like your own hair. Remy hair is cut from the donor’s head and kept in the same direction when used to make the wig/hairpiece to minimize tangling. Human hair wigs can be cut, chemically treated and heat-styled but also needs to be cared for like your own hair and needs to be washed, conditioned, dried and styled. However, since these wigs have been pre-dyed and chemically treated to achieve the style and color we do not recommend further chemically processing your wigs. Results may not be as expected and further chemical treatment may result in over-processing and damage the natural hair fibers. These wigs are typically for people that are able to provide more care and attention for the wig. Consumers with less time to care for wigs but that are also going for a more natural look should look into human hair-synthetic blended wigs that will retain more style than a fully human hair wig.
How do I buy a wig for the first time?
- Determine your size
- Choose a style
- Choose a color
- Make your purchase
How do I measure my head?With a tape measure, begin at the front of your hairline and wrap the tape behind your ear to the nape of your neck around to your other ear until the tape meets again at the front of your hairline Average Wig size 95% of the population will fit the average wig size. The comfortable elastic/cloth material stretches and fits head sizes from 21.5”-22.5”.
- Cap sizes may vary slightly by brand
- Most wigs have adjustable tabs at the neck to adjust the cap up to 1” for a comfortable and secure fit.
How do I choose a color?To easily select a color, buy a color ring prior to choosing your item. Color rings are the best option for frequent wig and hairpiece wearers. They make changing colors convenient and easy. Each brand usually makes their own color rings. Another option is to view each brand’s color chart online. Colors and shades may vary depending on the computer and monitor you are using to view the color chart. To safely choose a color, we highly recommend purchasing a color ring.
How do I put on a wig?Wigs should be worn on the natural hairline (for most people it is four finger-widths above the eyebrow).
- Remove wig from the plastic bag or box. Gently remove the protective hair net from your wig. Give your wig a few good shakes to separate the fibers and give somebody to the hair. Some wigs need to be shaken to release the preset styling.
- Brush your hair off your face at the top and sides. If your hair is too long, you may want use bobby pins to help keep it off your face, back at the sides, and up at the nape. Some women use a wig liner or wig cap to keep their existing hair in place.
- Hold your wig at the sides with the woven label in back. Place it at your natural hairline and slide it on from front to back. Adjust the wig as needed so the front edge is just over your natural hairline. Use the ear tabs to center your wig from left to right. Adjust the Velcro tabs in the back if necessary for a more secure fit.
- Tuck in any stray hairs at the front, sides and nape. Now you're ready for styling!
How do I care for my wig?
StorageThe best way to store a wig is on a wig stand or mannequin. Storing a wig on a wig stand prevents the wig from becoming tangled, misshapen or dirty between uses. The wig stand will also help maintain the factory produced style and shape of your wig. Wigs should be stored in a cool dry place free of dust, mildew and high temperatures.
CleaningWe suggest you wash your wig every 10-14 days of wear. The frequency of cleaning will also depend on your lifestyle, environment and perspiration. Synthetic and Blended Hair Wigs: Shampoos, conditioners, styling products and accessories made especially for synthetic wigs should be the only products used.
Human Hair WigsWe recommend wig cleaning products made especially for wigs as to not damage the quality and fibers of the human hairs in the wig. Usually human hair wigs are more susceptible to damage as the hairs have been processed repeatedly to achieve the desired style and color.
How do I wash my wig?
- Gently brush the wig thoroughly with a wig brush.
- Add one tablespoon of wig shampoo to a sink filled with cold water.
- Immerse wig for one minute and agitate gently. Do not rub.
- Rinse the wig gently in cold clear water twice or until thoroughly rinsed.
- Blot the wig gently with a towel. Do not squeeze or wring.
- Apply conditioning spray very lightly over wig, spraying 10-12 inches from the wig.
- Allow the wig to air dry on a slender object like a can of hairspray or a shampoo bottle covered with a hand towel. Styrofoam heads may stretch the cap.
- Do not use a hair dryer. Air dry only. You may gently style the wig with your fingertips.
- Brush wig only when completely dry. Do not allow the wig to dry in direct sunlight.
How do I style my wig?Your wig can be styled by using a wig brush, a wig comb, or your fingertips. Avoid using a brush designed for human hair. These brushes can create excessive tension, over-stretching the hair with abrasive strokes that may damage the hair. The wigs we carry are “shake & wear” and can be styled by simply using a wide tooth comb or your fingertips. The best styling tool is the most inexpensive; a spray bottle of clean, cool water. Lightly spritz your wig with water to remove static electricity and return your wig to its original look. To achieve style variations, liquid wig mousse is an essential styling tool. For curly or wavy styles, just mousse, hand scrunch, and pick the style into curls. On straight styles, mousse and brush lightly.
How do I wash my Human hair wig?
- Fill your sink basin with cool water.
- Add a capful of wig shampoo or mild shampoo and blend in.
- Gently swish the wig or piece in the water for about 30 seconds to a minute until the wig is saturated. Gently scrub the front of the wig cap, where it meets the forehead until clean.
- Leave the wig soak in the wig basin for about 15 minutes
- Empty the wig basin of water and rinse the wig or piece in cool water. It is very important to use cool water on curly wigs, as warm water will over-relax the curls of wigs.
- Gently squeeze excess water out of wig. Do not rub or twist your wig.
- Spread the wig out on a thirsty towel and leave in a ventilated area to dry overnight. You should spray on a little leave-on wig conditioner, when you start the drying process.
- Wigs may be set in rollers if desired and placed under a dryer or left overnight to dry. A hot curling iron may be used on human hair wigs.